Download Updated NEET Chemistry Syllabus for Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Here is detailed syllabus of chemistry for NEET exam. Know what to study & what not to study for NEET chemistry. NEET Chemistry syllabus is given chapter wise along with subtopics.

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by Sunil Nain - August 27, 2020

Here is the updated NEET chemistry Syllabus for Medical Aspirants

The Syllabus is most important and prerequisite part of any examination and so is the case with preeminent NEET Examination. A well defined and well structured detailed syllabus will help NEET aspirants to crack a successful strategic planning for this exam. Also, getting a hold on preparation with the properly designed syllabus will give students more confidence for their success in this exam. 

Here is Detailed NEET 2022 Syllabus.

Bewise Classes is here providing you with the detailed NEET chemistry syllabus. This will give NEET aspirants a fair idea of what NEET exam demands from students in chemistry portion. Here NEET chemistry syllabus is mentioned along with subtopics & topics so that students can properly understand the syllabus of chemistry for NEET. Chemistry Syllabus is divided into 30 chapters. There are 14 chapters in chemistry Class 11 & 16 chapters in class 12 chemistry syllabus. So, here is the detailed syllabus of NEET Chemistry. Students are requested to thoroughly go through it.

NEET Chemistry Syllabus with Chapter and Topic

S. No

Chapter Name

Topics

1

Mole Concept

Some Basic Concept of Chemistry, Mole Concept, Mole Concept & Calculations,

Concept of Atoms & Molecules, Atomic Mass, Gram Atomic Mass (GAM), Molecular Mass, Gram Molecular Mass (GMM), Average Mass,

Law of Chemical Combination, Percentage, Composition & Empirical Formula,

Concentration Terms – Molarity, Formality & Molality, Mole Fraction, percentage Composition, ppm, Normality, Volume Strength of Hydrogen peroxide(H2O2), Test of H2O2,

Stoichiometry & Calculation Based on Stoichiometry, Concept of Limiting Reagent

2

Atomic Structure

Atomic number, isotopes and isobars,

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR), Planck’s Quantum Theory, Photoelectric Effect,

Bohr’s Atomic Model & Its applications, Hydrogen Spectrum, Dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle,

Concept of orbital, quantum numbers, Shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, node and nodal planes, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule,

Electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and filled orbitals, Magnetic moment

3

State of Matter & Redox Reactions

Ideal Gas Laws & Equation, Dalton's Law, Grahams Law of Diffusion and Effusion,

Kinetic Theory of Gases (KTG), Real Gas Equation, deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. Oxidation & Reduction, Oxidation Number & Application, Equivalent Weight,

Balancing of Redox Reaction in Acidic & Basic Medium, Oxidation No Method, Law of Chemical Equivalence & Equivalent Weight

4

Thermodynamics & Thermochemistry

Basics, State Function & Path Function, Extensive & Intensive Property Internal Energy & First Law of Thermodynamics Enthalpy of Reactions, Heat Capacity, Work Done in different Process Entropy and Change in Entropy for different process,

Gibbs Free Energy and Spontaneity of a Reaction Hess Law, Lavoisier & Laplace Law, Heat of Reaction, Heat of Formation, Heat of Combustion, Heat of Solutions, Heat of Neutralization

Bond Energy, Heat of Atomization, Resonance Energy

5

Chemical Equilibrium

Law of Mass Action, Relation between Kp & Kc

Factors Affecting Equilibrium Constant & Van't Hoff Equation,

Le Chatelier's Principle & Application of Equilibrium Constant

6

Ionic Equilibrium

Basic Logarithms, Concepts of Acids & Bases, Degree of Dissociation, pH scale & Calculation of pH,

Application of Ostwald Law, Calculation of pH of Weak Acid & Weak Base

Explanation of Water, pH of the mixtures,

the pH of Strong Acid & Strong Base Mixture, pH of diluted solutions,

Salt Hydrolysis, Buffer Solution, pH of Acidic Buffer & Buffer Action, the pH of Basic Buffer & Buffer Action, Acidic & Basic Indicators

Solubility & Solubility Product Ksp, Condition for Precipitation

7

Chemical Kinetics

Rate of Reaction, Instantaneous & Average Rate of Reaction Rate Law, Molecularity and Order of Reaction, Pseudo Order Reaction, Zero Order & First Order Reaction, Half-Life

The half-Life for Zero & First Order Reaction Gaseous First Order Reaction

Important Questions Practice on Zero & First Order Kinetics

Factors affecting the Rate of Reaction and Activation Energy, Catalyst, Activation Energy and Maxwell Curve, Radioactivity

8

Electrochemistry

Conductance, Resistance, Conductivity, Resistivity, Molar Conductance and Equivalent Conductance, Kohlaursc Law, Daniel Cell, Electrode Potential, Standard Hydrogen Electrode

Electro-Chemical Series NCERT, Oxidation and Reduction, Nernst Equation and its application, emf of cell & Gibbs free energy equilibrium constant

Electrolysis, Electroplating, Faraday's Law of Electrolysis, Primary & Secondary Batteries, Fuel Cell, Corrosion

9

Solutions

Solubility, Henry's Law, Raoult's Law, Vapour Pressure, Boiling Point, Vapour Pressure of Liquid-Liquid Solutions, Vapour Pressure of Solid-Liquid Solutions,

Ideal &Real Solutions, Solutions with positive & negative Deviation, Azeotropic Mixture, Minimum Boiling Azeotrope and Maximum Boiling Azeotropes

Colligative Properties – Relative Lowering in Vapour Pressure (RLVP), Elevation in BP,

Depression in Freezing point, Osmotic Pressure Van 't Hoff factor & Colligative Properties

10

Solid State

Type of Solids, Crystalline & Amorphous Solids Types of Unit Cells, Crystal Lattice, Coordination Number & Packing Efficiency of SC, BCC, FCC, calculation of density of unit cell

Close Packing in Solids, CCP, HCP, Tetrahedral & Octahedral Voids, Type of Crystals, Defects in Solids, Frenkel & Schottky Defect

11

Surface Chemistry

Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorptions, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogenous

and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity,

enzyme catalysis,

colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions, lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids, properties of colloids,

Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsions – types of emulsions

Inorganic Chemistry

12

Periodic Table

Modern Periodic Table, electronic configuration of s, p, d & f block elements Prediction of the period, group and block,
Atomic and ionic radii, Factors affecting atomic radii, Hydrated radii

Ionisation energy and factors affecting Ionisation energy, Applications of Ionisation energy

Electron Gain enthalpy, Electronegativity, Applications of Electronegativity, Valency

13

Chemical Bonding

Lewis Dot Structure, Formal Charge, Covalent and Coordinate Bond

Valence Bond Theory (VBT)

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

Hybridisation – sp, sp2, sp3, dsp2, Hybridisation – sp3d, sp3d2, sp3d3, hybridisation in solid-state

Existence and non-existence of molecules,, condition for hydrolysis

Molecular Orbital Theory (MOT)

Resonance, Bond Parameters – Bond Length, Bond Energy, Bond Angle

Back Bonding, Dipole Moment, Hydrogen Bonding

14

S-Block Elements & Hydrogen

Group 1 and group 2 elements: Physical and Chemical Properties, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship,

Preparation and properties of Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Na and K, Mg and Ca.

Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides- ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water

15

P Block Elements – Borona & Carbon family

Physical Properties of group 13 elements, Inert Pair Effect, Diborane, Borax

Boric Acid, Alums,

Physical Properties of group 14 elements, allotropes of carbon and tin

Chemical Properties of group 14 Elements, Silicones, Silicates and zeolites

16

P-Block Elements Group 15, 16, 17,18

Physical Properties of group 15 elements, Allotropes of phosphorus

Oxides of Nitrogen and Phosphorus (Structure Only), Preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid, Brown Ring Test, Oxyacids of Phosphorus (structure only), Holme Signal,

Physical and Chemical Properties of group 16 Elements, Oxoacids of Sulphur (structure only), Ozone, H2SO4, Bleaching ACtion

Physical and Chemical Properties of group 17 Elements, Hydrides and Oxides of Halogens, preparation, oxoacids of halogens (structure only), properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, Interhalogen Compounds, Polyhalides,

Pseudohalides,

Inert Gas Uses and compounds of Xenon

17

D & F Block Elements

Physical properties of d block elements, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, Chromyl Chloride Test,

Preparation and properties of potassium dichromate, Preparation and properties of Potassium Permanganate,

Lanthanides and Actinides

18

Coordination Compounds

Types of Ligands like EDTA, DMG, Glycination, coordination number

Werner’s theory, Sidgwick Rule, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds

Isomerism in Coordination Compounds, Structural and Geometrical Isomerism, Optical Isomerism and Trans Effect (not important)

Valence Bond Theory (VBT), Crystal Field Theory (CFT), colour, magnetic properties and shapes,

Organo Metallic Compounds, Synergic Bonding, Jahn Teller Effect (not important)

Color, Stability and importance of coordination compounds(in qualitative analysis, biological systems)

19

Metallurgy

Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, roasting, calcination Principles and methods of extraction – oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

20

IUPAC Nomenclature

Basics of Organic Chemistry, Hydrocarbon Radicals and Homologues Series

Common Name and Derived Names of Organic Compounds

Rules of IUPAC, Selection and numbering of Principal Carbon Chain,

IUPAC Naming of Organic Compounds

IUPAC Naming of Cyclic and Aromatic Compounds

21

Isomerism

Structural Isomerism – Chain Isomerism, Position Isomerism, Ring Chain, Functional Isomerism and Metamerism

Geometrical Isomerism in Alkenes, Cyclo Alkanes, Allene, Biphenyl and Spiro Compounds,

Nomenclature in Geometrical Isomerism Cis- Trans, Syn-Anti, E-Z System, Calculation of No of Geometrical Isomers

Optical Isomerism and Optically Active Compounds, Representation of Optical Isomers – Wedge Dash and Fischer Projection, Configuration of Optical Isomers – R/S and D/L Configuration

Relationship between Stereomers – Enantiomers, Diastereomers, Epimers, Erythereo and Thereo, Calculation of Numbers of Stereomer

Conformers of Alkanes and Cyclo Hexane

22

General organic Chemistry – 1 (GOC – I)

Reaction Intermediate, Inductive Effect – Stability of Carbocation and Carbanion, Acidic Strength and Basic Strength

Resonance, Localised and Delocalised Electrons, Stability of Resonating Structure, Type of Resonance - +M and –M Series, Stability of Carbocation and Carbanion

Acidic Strength and Basic Strength, Ortho Effect, SIR Effect, SIP Effect

Aromaticity and Dancing Resonance, Effect of Resonance on Bond Length and Bond Strength

Hyper Conjugation, Stability of Alkene and Heat of Hydrogenation, Electromeric Effect and Tautomerism

23

General organic Chemistry – 2 (GOC – II)

Solvent and its type, Electrophile and Nucleophile, Leaving Group, Carbene and Nitrene,

Type of Reactions in Organic Chemistry Electrophilic Addition Reaction (EAR), Markovnikov’s Rule and Carbocation Rearrangement, EAR of Alkene with HX in Non-Polar and Polar Protic Solvent (PPS), Stereochemistry in Chemical Reactions, Stereospecific, Stereoselective and Regioselective Reactions

Anti Addition of HOX and Hydration of Alkenes Oxymercuration Demercuration (OMDM) and, Hydro Boration Oxidation (HBO),

Hydroxylation and Free Radical Addition Reaction (FRAR), Nucleophilic Addition Reaction (NAR),

Electrophillic Substitution Reaction (ESR), Types of ESR – Halogenation, Nitration, Sulphonation, Freidal Craft Reaction, Gattermann Koach Synthesis, Gattermann Aldehyde Synthesis

Free Radical Substitution Reaction (FRSR)

Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction (NSR), SN1 & SN2

Williamson Ether Synthesis, Darzen’s Reaction, Luca’s Test, NSR in Alcohol and Ether NSR in Aromatic Compounds (SNAr) and NSR in Acid Derivatives (SNAE

Elimination Reaction E1 & E2, Syatzeff and Hoffmann Rule

Dehydrohalogenation, Dehydration, Comparision between E1, E2, SN1 and SN2

24

Hydrocarbons

Wurtz Reaction, Corey House Synthesis, Frankland Rxn, Reduction of Alkyl Halides

Kolbe Electrolysis, Decarboxylation, Birch Reduction, Lindlaar & P2 Catalyst

Preparation & Properties of Alkene & Alkynes Ozonolysis

Test of Alkynes, Preparation & Properties of Benzene & Toulene

25

Alkyl Halide

Preparation & Properties of Alkyl Halides, Iodoform & Chloroform Reaction, Hunsdiecker Reaction

Hoffmann Carbylamine Isocyanide Test & Reimer Tiemann Reaction, Aryl Halides

26

Alcohol, Phenol and Ether

Preparation of Alcohol, Reactions of Grignard Reagent, Physical and Chemical properties of Alcohol, Victor Mayer & Lucas test, Dichromate Test, Esterification Reactions of Phenol, Kolbe's Reaction, Gattarmann Aldehyde Synthesis

27

Carbonyl

Compounds & Carboxylic Acids

Methods of Preparation of Aldehyde & Ketone, Aldol Condensation, Cannizzaro & Tishchenko Reaction, Test of Aldehydes

Benzaldehyde, Perkin Reaction & Claisen Condensation, HVZ Reaction, Preparation of Carboxylic Acid & Benzoic Acid

28

Nitrogen-Containing Compounds

Hoffmann Bromamide Reaction, Gabriel Phthalimide Reaction, Hinsberg Reagent, Hoffmann Mustard Oil Test, Basic Strength

of Amines, Solubility and Boiling Points of Amines

Reactions of Aniline, Reactions of

Nitrobenzene and Millikan Barker Test

29

Biomolecules

Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide(glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration

Carbohydrates – oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen), the importance of Carbohydrates

Proteins – the elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins

Enzymes Hormones – Elementary idea (excluding structure)

Vitamins – classification and function. Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA

30

Polymers

Classification of Polymers based on NCERT

Methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers

31

Chemistry in Everyday Life & Environmental Chemistry

Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.

Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action

Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

Download Complete NEET Chemistry Syllabus - Click Here

After going through the above-mentioned chemistry syllabus, students will get the proper hold of the subject demand and the topics which they need to study deeply for NEET exam. But this alone will not solve the purpose. To make your selection very sure in NEET examination, students need to understand the importance of every chapter and what weightage does the chapter carry in the NEET exam. 

Bewise classes has analyzed the last 15 year papers to understand what NEET examination look for in a student and what are the important chapters of Chemistry for the exam. To make students understand what the importance of each chapter in NEET Chemistry syllabus is, we have come up with a chapter wise weightage scheme which is further segregated in three parts namely Physical, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. This will help students to easily understand the subject and the major focus areas of Chemistry for NEET examination. This will be beneficial for students who are looking forward to cracking NEET examination with good marks. So, here is chapter wise weightage scheme of Chemistry for NEET exam.

Subject Chapter Name Weightage
Physical Chemistry 1. Mole concept 1%
2. Atomic Structure 2%
3. Thermodymanics 8%
4. Equilibrium 6%
5. Chemical Kinetics 3%
6. Electrochemistry 2%
7. Gaseous and Redox reaction 3%
8. Surface chemistry 2%
9. . Solutions 5%
10. Solid State 2%
Organic chemistry 1. General organic chemistry 10%
2. N containing compound 4%
3. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 4%
4. Biomolecules 3%
5. Polymers 3%
6. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 3%
7. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxlyic acid 4%
8. Chemistry in everyday life 2%
9. Environmental chemistry 2%
Inorganic Chemistry 1. Periodic Table 3%
2. Chemical Bonding 10%
3. S- block & Hydrogen 2%
4. P- block Elements 6%
5. D & F block 2%
6. Coordination Compound 5%
7. Metallurgy 2%
8. Hydrogen 1%

We hope that you have got a detailed analysis of Chemistry syllabus that you need to study for NEET exam. Now, students can plan their strategies accordingly and focus on all chapters according to their weightage in NEET exam.

If you haven't prepared Chemistry for NEET 2021 yet, our NEET Chemistry Rank Booster course can help to prepare chemsitry in 100 Hours.

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